Thursday, December 30, 2010

Astro tour Sauraha 2010 concluded

Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO) organize a tour to Sauraha during December 27-29,2010 to survey the sky quality and the natural heritage of Nepal. The team comprising 7 people from different sectors and headed by Rishi Shah, president of NASO. This is one the regular events that NASO organises since last year and also it's last event for the year 2010!

Wish you all a happy new year 2011!

Sunday, December 19, 2010

Report on Geminids 2010 from Nepal is out now!

Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO) conducted Geminids Observation and submitted the data to International Meteor Organization (IMO) for the first time. This submission was possible as Mr. Suresh Bhattarai, founder secretary of NASO and member of IMO joined International Meteor Conference (IMC) 2010 in Armagh, Northern Ireland (UK). He conducted the observation during December 13 and 14, 2010 and observed 30 meteors per hour ( avarage) on December 14, 2010. NASO has predicted 60 to 120 meteors per hour ( ZHR rate) before. Mr.Bhattarai explained "Every year, we have two great moments to enjoy these beautiful meteors one in August i.e. Perseids and another is Geminids with consistent number of meteors". Also, he requested all the Nepalese meteor lovers to wait until January 4 to enjoy Quadrantid Meteor Shower.

The reduced number of Geminids was because of the light pollution in Kathmandu valley and of course the peak time fell during a day time i.e. 16:45 NPT ( Nepalese Time)!

The report has already been submitted to IMO and how available on its official website.

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Geminid Meteor Shower Tonight!

One of the best meteor showers of the year the Geminids are expected to exhibit consistently prolific flashes of shooting stars in the night of 14 to 15 December 2010. Circa sixty to one hundred and twenty streaks of tiny particles that burn up fairly seventy kilometers high above earth’s surface as they slam through our atmosphere with speeds of approximately thirty five kilometers per hour could be admirably observed in the sky well after the down ( eastern sky) to dusk ( western sky). Since the streaming meteor shower seems to be emanating from a point alias radiant in the sky lying vividly near glittering star Castor (Kasturi) in the zodiacal constellation Gemini (twins), it is conventionally identified as famed Geminid Meteor Shower. The origin of this moderately swift Geminid Meteor Shower is linked to mysterious object called Phaethon-3200 that looks like cross between a weird asteroid and quaintly burned-out comet. Though the shower peaks at 4:45 PM on Tuesday, December 14, 2010, bright and colourful Geminids could begin as early as 8:30 PM local time, because the shower’s radiant rises fairly high (approx. 15 degrees) in the eastern sky from 8:30 PM onwards and traces the sky till the next morning.



Comets generally unleash streams of dusty debris as they approach the Sun. When earth, speeding around its orbit, crosses some of these streams, we see the stunning meteor showers or dazzling shooting stars. However the Geminid meteor shower results from broken fragments from oddly pseudo asteroid-comet Phaethon-3200 with mysterious composition, which possesses an extremely elliptical 1.4-year-long orbit around our Sun and it is described as dormant comet coated with thick layer of dust. It is bereft of the characteristic comet tail and its spectra indicate peculiar rocky surface. Meteors created as Phaethon-3200 advances toward the Sun are arguably much denser than those usually created by comets.

Friday, December 10, 2010

NAST celebrates 28th Anniversary on December 6, 2010!

Nepal Academy of Science and Technology(NAST) celebrated its 28th anniversary at its premises this morning. Addressing the celebration,cheif guest science and Technology State Minister Mr. Indra Prasad Dhungel said that the state will insvent more in R & D in coming days. He explained that the government will be happy to start many interesting projects that Nepalese scientist are dong in their level if they seeks help from the state.

























Meanwhile, Vince Chancelor Prof. Dr. Surendra Raj Kafle stressed that NAST will help to foster the scientific community in Nepal with its full strength. During the ceremony, several scientist from different areas and the NAST staffs serving over 25 years were awarded.

Monday, December 6, 2010

अप्रिल २०११- विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिना: याद राखौं

अप्रिल २०११ फेरी एक पटक सम्पूर्ण खगोलविदहरुकालागी व्यस्त महिना हुनेछ किनभने फेरी एक पटक विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिना (GAM ) आफ्नो दोस्रो अध्याय लिएर फर्किएको छ । एस्ट्रोनोमर्स विदआउट बोर्डर्स (AWB) नामक संस्थाले आयोजना गर्ने यस वार्षिक कार्यक्रम अप्रिल महिना भरी संचालन हुन्छ । अन्तराष्ट्रिय खगोल वर्ष २००९ को एक कार्यक्रम '१०० HA' को निरन्तरता स्वरूप ब्रम्हाण्डको उत्सव मनाएर विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिना संसार भरी मनाइन्छ ।

सम्पूर्ण खगोल सम्बन्धित संस्था, पाठशाला, विज्ञान केन्द्र तथा खगोलमा रुची राख्ने व्यक्तीहरुलाई यस महिनामा खगोल सम्बन्धी विभिन्न कार्यक्रमहरु जस्तै सेमिनार, वक्तीत्व, अवलोकन आदी संचालन गरेर यस महिना खगोलको उत्सव मनाउन आव्हान गरिन्छ । विश्‍वव्यापी कार्यक्रम अथवा आफ्नै सोचाइ अनुरूप कार्यक्रमहरु आयोजना गरेर GAM २०११ मनाउन सकिनेछ ।

यो GAM को दोस्रो अध्याय हो जुन GAM २०१० को अत्याधिक सफलता पछी त्यसैको निरन्तरता स्वरूप आयोजना हुँदैछ । पहिलेको वर्ष AWB ले सातओटा विश्‍वव्यापी कार्यक्रमहरु संयोजन गरेको थियो जसमा आकाशीय पिण्डको अवलोकन, विश्‍व शान्ती कार्यक्रम, प्रकाश प्रदुशण आदीका साथै स्थानिय स्तरका कार्यक्रमहरुलाई प्रोत्साहित गर्नु पनि थियो ।

GAM २०११ कालागी अझै धेरै विश्‍वव्यापी कार्यक्रमहरुको संरचना कोरिएकोछ । महिनाको सुरुवातमा अप्रिल २ वा ३ मा शनि अवलोकन छ भने अप्रिल ९ मा विश्‍वव्यापी तारा भोज मनाइनेछ । यस दिनको रात्री प्रहरमा आफुसंग भएको दूर-दर्शक यन्त्र आकाश तर्फ फर्काएर आकाशिय पिण्डहरुको अवलोकन गरिनेछ । हाम्रो प्राकृतिक उपग्रहको अवलोकन गर्न अप्रिल १० देखी १६ सम्म चन्द्र सप्ताह आयोजना गरिनेछ । अप्रिल १७ मा सूर्य दिवस मनाइनेछ जसमा हाम्रो सबैभन्दा नजिकैको तारा सूर्यको अवलोकन गरिनेछ । त्यसैगरी अप्रिल २२ मा लिरिड उल्का वर्षा पनि रहेकोछ । अन्य थुप्रै कार्यक्रमहरु GAM को वेवसाइटमा रखिनेछ जसमा दूर अवलोकन कार्यक्रम तथा कस्मिक कन्सर्ट पनि रहेका छन् ।

विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिना मनाउने अन्य कारणहरु:
- GAM मार्फत अन्तराष्ट्रिय जगतमा आफ्नो तथा आफ्नो संस्थाको चिनारी दिन ;
- GAM मार्फत अन्य ख्यातीप्राप्त व्यक्ती तथा संस्थाको ध्यानाकर्सणकोलागी विभिन्न अवसर पाउन ;
- स्थानिय संस्था, जन मानस तथा संचार सँगको सम्बन्ध सुमधूर पार्न ;
- अन्य मनिसहरुमा आकाश प्रतीको जन चेतना जगाउन ।

"सबैकालागी केही न केही छ" भन्छन AWB का अध्यक्ष माइक सिमोन्स । "एकताको परिणाम IYA २००९ मा देखिसकिएकोछ र त्यही उत्साहलाई GAM ले हाम्रो ब्रम्हान्डको रहस्य पत्ता लगाउन निरन्तर प्रयोग गरेको छ । "

आउनुहोस र अप्रिल महिनाको यस माहान उत्सवमा सहभागी हुनुहोस किनभने विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिनाले संसारभरिका हजारौं मानिस र सैयौं संस्थाहरुलाई आफ्नो उत्सुकता तथा नवाचार आदानप्रदान गर्न र एक “व्यक्ति, एक आकाश” को भाव उजागर गर्न एकसाथ उभ्याउनेछ ।

मिती याद राखौं : अप्रिल २०११- विश्‍वव्यापी खगोल महिना

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थप जानकारीकालागी:

- वेबसाइट: www.gam-awb.org
- ट्वीटर: http://twitter.com/GAM_AWB
- फेसबुक: : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Global-Astronomy-Month-2011/139709899412771

AWB को जानकारी:

AWB (एस्ट्रोनोमर्स विदआउट बोर्डर्स) एक अन्तराष्ट्रिय संस्था हो जुन राष्ट्रिय तथा सांस्क्रितिक सिमाना भन्दा माथी उठी विश्‍वव्यापी खगोलको अपिलहरु बीच सम्बन्ध बनाई समझदारी र सदिक्षा कायम गर्न समर्पित रहेकोछ । AWB ले एक आधारभूत कुराको साझेदारी गर्छ, त्यो हो- आकाशको साझेदारी ।

सम्पर्कको लागि:

माइक सिमोन्स-
अध्यक्ष, एस्ट्रोनोमर्स विदआउट बोर्डर्स
सभापति, GAM २०११, कार्यकारी समुह
mikes@gam-awb.org
‌‌+१ ८१८ ४८६ ७६३३

थिलीना हीनातिगाला-
GAM २०११ संयोजक
thilina@gam-awb.org
+९४ ७१६ २४५ ५४५

ओएना सांडू-
GAM २०११ , पब्लिक रिलेसन्स कोअर्डिनेटर
oana@gam-awb.org
‌+४० ७२४ ०२४ ६२५

नेपाल एस्ट्रोनोमिकल सोसाईटी (नासो)

एच बि कम्प्लेक्स, ललितपुर

info.naso@gmail.com

December NIight Sky 2010!

-By Er. Rishi Shah

As darkness descends on earth the night sky becomes alive with twinkling stars, gleaming planets and other arcane entities that cover the entire sky magnificently. The zodiacal constellations of Capricornus (sea goat), Aquarius (water bearer), Pisces (fishes), Aries (ram), Taurus (bull) and Gemini (twins) are sprawling across the sky from western to eastern horizon. The Great Square of Pegasus (winged horse) is flying high dominatingly in evening sky. Constellations Andromeda (chained princess), Perseus (legendary hero), Lynx (feline animal), Camelopardalis (giraffe) and Auriga (charioteer) are unfurling towards northeast from Pegasus. Fulgent Capella (Brahma Ridaya) decorates Auriga. It is significantly fourty two light-years away. Constellations Orion (hunter), Eridanus (river), Cetus (whale) and Monoceros (unicorn) are spreading across southeastern sky. Circumpolar constellations Draco (dragon), Cepheus (king) , Cassiopeia (queen) and Ursa Major (big bear) are circling Polaris, Pole Star (Dhruba Tara) that resides in Ursa Minor (little bear). Elephant’s Trunk Nebula pushes enigmatically through the emission nebula and young star cluster complex IC1396 in Cepheus (king). Within the raw cosmic dusty debris weird proto-stars are lurking in this region. It is three thousand light-years away.

Elusive planet Mercury could be glimpsed in western sky after sundown during beginning of month. Later towards month’s end, it could be discerned in eastern sky before sunup, as it fleets across Sagittarius (archer). Wandering in Virgo, romantic planet mesmerizes planet-hunters with its charming brilliance in eastern sky before sunrise. Resplendent star Spica floats enthrallingly above it. Ringed planet Saturn glitters gorgeously below Spica. Mighty planet Jupiter shines alluringly after nightfall among the stars inhabiting the border between Aquarius and Pisces. Both Jupiter and greenish planet Uranus are relaxing below the Circlet asterism of Pisces. Jupiter’s Galilean moons (Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto) can be admired well with binoculars.

Astronomers have allegedly detected the first alien Jupiter-alike exo-planet HIP13044b revolving around a dying star HIP13044. It had entered our galaxy during the unfortunate process of intergalactic cannibalism that perhaps happened fairly between six to nine billion years ago.

Our Sun has been converting hydrogen in its core into helium for the last 4.5 billion years and would continue to do so for next five billion years until its hydrogen fuel is exhausted. The Sun would then turn into formidable gigantic red giant star and expand beyond earth’s orbit. It would gobble up the inner planets (Mercury and Venus) including earth.

Before notoriously breaking up and disintegrating in awesome fiery sparks during its reentry into upper atmosphere above the desert in central Australia, the refrigerator-sized aluminum-bodied Japanese space probe Hayabusa (meaning falcon in Japanese) jettisoned its fourty centimeter return capsule that was equipped with high-tech heat shield and parachute and had carried dust samples gathered directly from perplexingly peanut-shaped near-earth asteroid Itokawa. It landed unprecedentedly on thinly populated military-testing zone in Southern Australia outback known as the Woomera Prohibited Area in June this year. Hayabusa needed seven years to complete its six billion kilometers space journey to cruse untiringly to the asteroid and back to earth. Strict precaution were undertaken to minimize the risk of contamination of cosmic flakes by terrestrial substance.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) had launched Hayabusa in 2003. It rende zvoused (touch downed twice) with Itokawa in 2005. Its roller coaster ride-mimicking mission was beset with harrowing mishaps. En route to Itokawa, its solar cells were damaged by powerful solar flare. With limited energy supply it had to limp to the asteroid and crawled back to earth as fuel cells were dysfunctional thereby protracting total travel period. When it was parked in the vicinity of Itokawa, its altitude adjustment error ejected the exploration robot MINERVA that tumbled aimlessly into space.

Hayabusa’s precious cargo could probably disclose in detail Itokawa’s composition, physical features and topological structures. The detrimental effects on asteroid from space weathering and interaction with solar winds could be expounded. Since asteroids are the rocky leftover building blocks of planets and moons, Hayabusa’s findings could bestow distinctive insight into the formative years of our Solar System. The state of the capsule could lead to novel engineering advances that could be beneficial to future space missions for manufacturing better heat shields for spacecrafts.

New moon falls on 05 December, while full moon (popularly nicknamed cold full moon) would entrance moon-lovers on 21 December. Winter Solstice occurs in Northern Hemisphere at 23:38 hours Universal Time (UTC) on 21 December, when we can enjoy the longest night and shortest day of the year. Total lunar eclipse on 21 December will not be visible to us. It could be enjoyed from many parts of Europe, America, West Africa, eastern Australia and eastern and northern Asia. Christmas is joyfully celebrated on 25 December. 31 December marks the last day of year 2010. The accompanying star map approximately portrays night sky above Kathmandu at around twenty hours local time during mid-December 2010.

NAST celebrates its 28th anniversary today!

Nepal Academy of Science and Technology(NAST) celebrated its 28th anniversary at its premises this morning. Addressing the celebration,cheif guest science and Technology State Minister Mr. Indra Prasad Dhungel said that the state will insvent more in R & D in coming days. He explained that the government will be happy to start many interesting projects that Nepalese scientist are dong in their level if they seeks help from the state.

Meanwhile, Vince Chancelor Prof. Dr. Surendra Raj Kafle stressed that NAST will help to foster the scientific community in Nepal with its full strength. During the ceremony, several scientist from different areas and the NAST staffs serving over 25 years were awarded.

( Full report coming soon)

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Pulsating Star Mystery Solved!


By discovering the first double star where a pulsating Cepheid variable and another star pass in front of one another, an international team of astronomers has solved a decades-old mystery. The rare alignment of the orbits of the two stars in the double star system has allowed a measurement of the Cepheid mass with unprecedented accuracy. Up to now astronomers had two incompatible theoretical predictions of Cepheid masses. The new result shows that the prediction from stellar pulsation theory is spot on, while the prediction from stellar evolution theory is at odds with the new observations.

for more on this please visit:
http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1046/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+EsoTopNews+%28ESO+Top+News%29

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

The Night Sky over Nepal: November,2010

Nov 1: The Moon is 5 degrees S of Regulus in the East before dawn

Nov 4: A Waning Crescent Moon is about 7.5 degrees SE of Saturn in the East just before dawn

Nov 6: New Moon

Nov 13: First Quarter Moon

Nov 16: A Gibbous Moon is nearly 6.5 degrees away from Jupiter

Nov 17/18: The Leonids Meteor Shower will peak. This shower has produced meteor storms in the past, but no storm is expected this year. Also the Waxing Gibbous Moon will shine till after Mid-Night.

Nov 18: Neptune Eastern Quadrature

Nov 20: Mercury and Mars are just 1 deg 40’ apart in the W-SW, very low after Sunset.

Nov 21: Full Moon.

Nov 22: The Moon is just 1 deg 30’ away from M45-The Pleiades (after mid night) but an observer will have to use a binocular to glimpse M45.

Nov 29: A Last Quarter Moon is nearly 9 degrees from Regulus


PLANET HIGHLIGHTS:

MARS: Very low in Scorpius in the Western evening sky in the beginning of month. On 8th at evening Mars will share company with a very thin Crescent Moon and also they will form a trio with Regulus. On 20th November at evening Mars will be paired with Mercury by just 1.5 degrees apart.

NEPTUNE: The planet shining at magnitude 7.8 in the beginning of the month. Find Neptune just within 12’ 53” NW of the 5th mag Mu Capricorni star. Neptune will be at Eastern Quadrature on November 18.

JUPITER and URANUS will remain around 3 degrees throughout the month. Jupiter shining at mag -2.7 along with Uranus (mag 5.7) is well placed in the sky after sunset for observation.

SATURN: The ringed planet will rise around 5am in the month’s beginning. On 4th November the planet will be nearly 7 degrees N-NE of Crescent Moon forming a very nice naked-eye view. Saturn will begin this month by staying within 1.5 degrees East from Porrima in Virgo and will keep moving away toward east.
VENUS: The brightest planet will emerge from the Eastern morning sky during the first week of the month. On November 18, the planet will be 3 degrees 18’ East of Spica.

MERCURY
: Very low in the evening Western sky will remain in the glare of the Sun. The inner most planet will emerge from the Western horizon during 10th November and will form a trio with Mars and Antares in the evening of 15th November. Mercury will be just 1 deg 40’ from Mars on 20th evening. Mercury will slowly keep getting up the western sky unless it reaches Greatest Eastern Elongation on December 1st.

Thursday, September 9, 2010

NASO participates in the one day US-India workshop on World Wide Telescope, September 4, 2010 at IUCAA, Pune, India

A group of Nepalese delegates comprising Rishi Shah, Academician-Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Founder President-Nepal Astronomical Society(NASO); Madenra Subedi, Founder Treasurer-NASO and Suresh Bhattarai, Founder Secretary-NASO, Research student- St. Xavier's College, Kathmandu, Nepal actively participated in the one day Workshop on world Wide Telescope at Inter University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune, India on September 4,2010. The event was This event was co-hosted by Microsoft Research,California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and IUCAA.

World Wide Telescope created by Microsoft is a computer program that runs under Microsoft Windows client. It allows users to convert there computer into a virtual telescopethat accesses the virtual sky, not only in optical wavelengths butalso in other bands. There are full-sky images in spectral bands rangingfrom radio to gamma-rays. There are also thousands of individual studyimages of various astronomical objects from space telescopes such as theHubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope in infrared,the Chandra X-ray Observatory, COBE, WMAP, ROSAT, IRAS, GALEX aswell as many other space and ground based telescopes. It allowsusers to view the Sun, Moon, planets, and their moons in theircurrent positions.It is a great tool for the initial study and teaching Astronomy.The computer programme allows users to run various tours those arecreated by other users and one can also make their own tours.

NASO will create the Nepalese version of the WWT so that Nepalese can enjoy the WWT in their own Language :-)

Source: Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO)September 9,2010.

Friday, June 11, 2010

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON "Accretion and Outflow in Black Hole Systems" Kathmandu, Nepal, October 11 - 15, 2010

It's a great news that the International Conference on "Accretion and Outflow in Black Hole Systems" is going to be held in Kathmandu,Nepal during October 11-15,2010 whose scientific scope will be understanding of the process of accretion onto the central black hole and outflows from the system (including the jet formation) in BH binaries, AGNs and GRBs.

For more about the conference can be found in the official website of the conference:
http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/events/nepal2010/

The registration deadline is 31 July.


Welcome to the land of Himalaya :-)

Reports of GAM2010- Nepal is now availavle!

Astro Quiz Contest 2010, April 1-30,2010

Nepal Astronomical Society(NASO) in collaboration with National TV asked four questions related to the astronomy with three options from National television during the GAM2010. People voted by sending sms as GAM_A/B/C to 4321. We announced winners every Saturday. The questions were:

· Where does Chhatedhunga lie in Nepal?

· What is the distance between the Sun and the Earth?

· When was International Year of Astronomy Celebrated?

· Where is the National Observatory of Nepal?

The participants were from the different parts of Nepal. The winners were Ashim Aaudel, 13 years, Dharan; Indira Chaudari, Dhangadi; Debaki Bhattarai, Kathmandu and Chadani Subba, Tehrathum. The winners were awarded with the one year free subcrpition of Scholar Magazine, Hubble and The Universe (Nepal’s First Astronomical Documentary) and Night Sky (astronomical software).


Global Astronomy Month Kicks off officially in Nepal: April 1, 2010


On the first day of GAM, Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO) organized a talk programme at Celebration Co-Ed School,Narayan Taar, Jorpati during 13:00-14:00 Hrs.
During the talk programme, Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, Astronomers Without Borders (AWB) co-coordinator for Nepal explained about the GAM and possible activities that can be done during the month of April for the celebration of GAM with our available resources. The another attraction of the programme was a presentation on Light pollution by Mr. Sudeep Neupane, Vice president of NASO and Co-coordinator of Campaign Against Light Pollution Nepal (CALP- Nepal) that initiated a year before during the IYA2009 in Nepal by NASO. Mr. Suresh Bhattarai, secretary of NASO and Ambassador of Star Peace Event in Nepal, gave a short demonstration on how to handle astronomical software to explore the beauty of the night sky!


Celebrating Global Astronomy Month amongst School Students, April 2, 2010


Nepal Astronomical Society organized an Educational Outreach activity amongst curious students of Grade 6, 7, 8 and 9 studying at RIA School. The event was held at the premises of the school located at Kapan, Kathmandu on 2nd April 2010.

During the event, Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, founder member of NASO ,and the coordinator of GAM for Nepal talked about Global Astronomy Month(GAM) and reflected on the importance of celebrating GAM all over the world. Vice - President of NASO, and the coordinator of Campaign against light pollution Mr. Sudeep Neupane gave a brief information on 'Night Sky' and' Light Pollution’. Mr. Suresh Bhattarai, secretary of NASO and Ambassador of Star Peace Event guided students in using Stellarium, astronomical software for sky observation. Mr. Rijendra Thapa, founder member of Nepal Astronomical Society, and NpoC of SGAC Nepal gave a brief presentation on Understanding Science.

What is beyond the universe? Can we travel to the future? Does Black Hole eat Nebula? Were few out of many interesting questions asked by Young minds. The event was finally concluded on handing over poster 'How Science Works' to the Principal of the School.


30 Nights of Star Peace in Nepal: That's the Red Planet!, April 6,2010


Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO) organized star party on April 6 in the street of ancient city Handigaun as 30 nights of star peace in Nepal as another GAM2010 celebration in Nepal. During the event, the participants were guided to the Mars with the astronomical Pointer, more than 30 people gazed to the Red Planet, Mars through our Binoculars!

During the event, we shared the theme of "one people one sky" with India while our attempt to connect with Sri Lanka and Pakistan failed due to technical problems in the telephone. S.P.A.C.E shared two photos that were taken by C.B. Devgan as a part of 30 nights of Star Peace in Nepal and India.


It's a Sun Day: another GAM2010 event in Nepal! April11, 2010


Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO) organized an event to mark Sunday, global program of GAM2010 here in Nepal on Sunday, April 11, 2010. The program was organized in H.B. Complex during 14:00-17:00 Hrs for the public to view the Sun through 8 Inch Dobsonian and some solar eclipse glasses. Unfortunately we could not find the Sun spot to the participants during the event :-( Did you find Sunspot during the time in your region? More than 50 participants of different ages with remarkable presence of women and children.

During the event, Er. Rishi Shah, president of NASO explained to the public why NASO is conducting such outreach events in Nepal. Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, AWB co-ordinator for Nepal, explained about the GAM2010 while Mr. Sudeep Neupane, Vice President of NASO and Mr. Suresh Bhattarai, Secretary of NASO and Mr. Rijendra Thapa guided the public for safe view of The SUN!


Seminar on Central department of Physics of Tribhuvan University: April 16, 2010


Executive Founder Member of NASO Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel gave a talk on the Central department of Physics where the participants were the renowned professors, lecturers and students of Astrophysics. The programme was divided into three segments. In first segment Mr. Pokhrel explained about his CAP conference in South Africa and its outcomes, 2nd segment was a power point presentation of GAM2010 including the information on how people can participate in it and the 3rd segment was an exposure to astronomical softwares.

GAM2010-NASO Expedition to Far East Nepal!, April 20, 2010

Three trinkets of NASO set off to Terhathum for Chhatedhunga . They were Mr. Sudeep Neupane (Founder VP) Mr. Suresh Bhattarai (Founder Secretory) and Mr. Rijendra Thapa(Founder Member). This programme of NASO is a part of the global celebration of GAM. NASO set this exploration as Chhatedhunga was campared to Stone Henge of England. So, this exploration is to identify whether Chhatedhunga is really a stone henge or not. During the exploration, there were programmes like talks, Solar observation and Star parties in different parts of Jhapa, Panchthar, Tehrathum and Sunsari districts of Nepal. The programmes were conducted till the end of April.

Talk on Amateur astronomy and GAM2010 in Nepal: April 21, 2010

NASO gave a talk on a local school named Rudra Memorial English Boarding School of Birtamod in Far East Nepal. The talk was mainly focused on amateur astronomy including the events that locals could do for celebrating GAM. The programme was conducted from 15 hrs to 16.30 hrs.


Star party in New hope school, Khudunabari: April 21, 2010


Followed by the talk in Birtamod, NASO organized a star party in another school called ‘New Hope school’ in Khudunabari. The participants were over 30 students and they were exposed to lunar craters with telescope and binocular. The programme ended in 20 hrs.


Star party in a community in Magar Village: April 21, 2010


Following star party in New hope school, NASO organized another star party in a local village called Magar Gaun. It was a perfect outreach programme in which more than 100 villagers had an opportunity of observing moon through telescope.

Night sky observation campaign in Pokhari high school: April 23, 2010

NASO organized another star party in its destination venue Chhatedhunga in a local school called Pokhari higher secondary school. Students and teachers were delighted for being encountered with night sky observation idea, telescope observing and interaction with NASO members.


Star Party in COW SHED: April 24, 2010


This was an amazing star party conducted by NASO in a Cow shed. More than 50 locals were there to observe through telescope.


Solar Observation Programme: April 26, 2010


NASO conducted another solar observation programme in the famous city of Nepal- Dharan. The event was organized in the clock tower where more than 40 locals observed the nearest star Sun with solar glasses. The excitement of locals in observing Sun was remarkable.

Source: Nepal Astronomical Society(NASO),2010

Friday, June 4, 2010

SGAC- Nepal Welcomes Youths of Nepal to Join hands in Its Activities!

SGAC- Nepal is working Nepal conducting different activities since 2009.We are very thankful to all our members and welshers for their supportive hands to create wave of space science in Nepalese society for the first time by youth themselves! We are very hopeful for more activities in 2010 with involvement of youths from respective communities in Nepal!

Here, as a first step, I would like to request all the youths who have great passion for space science or astronomy ! remember anyone whose age is between 18-35 years and citizen of Nepal can apply for the membership! No matter where you live or what you study!


Here are some benefits after joining SGAC-Nepal:

* Being part of the youth voice: Have direct input on projects representing the youth view on space topics whose results have the direct ears and eyes of high-level leaders of current government, industry, and non-governmental organizations

* Participating in top space events designed for university students and young professionals: Attend SGAC high-energy and high-impact conferences, outreach events, and gatherings around the world

* Receiving exclusive scholarships and opportunities: SGAC and its partners sponsor members to attend conferences and to participate in panels, competitions, and positions only open to SGAC members

* Networking: Meet up-and-coming international leaders in all areas of the space sector

* Staying in the space loop: Receive updated news, job-postings, and information from all corners of the global space sector


Testimonials from members of SGAC-Nepal:

“When I heard about SGAC for the first time, I was quite ignorable about it's importance. It was when I started reading about Space science on internet and for many times I found SGAC as a leading Youth Organization.Then I joined the Team as an NPoC.So far,I have traveled to South Korea in 2009 to raise my voice regarding the peaceful use of Space science among others Young mind of the worlds. Particularly coming from underdeveloped country like Nepal, without SGAC, it was impossible for me.Thank you, SGAC!”

–Mr. Rijendra Thapa, NPOC-Nepal


“SGAC has been providing great opportunities among youth of World with more possibilities.It's been less than a year when I joined SGAC and get involved it its activities in Nepal. Now I am participating to IAC2010 this September to present my view among others about space science and astronomy. It is possible When I get updates from SGAC website and of course because of my strong will to work ahead”

–Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, Member, SGAC-Nepal


"I still remember that day when I attended a talk programme At St Xavier's College, Kathmandu. I was there as the talk was given by my friend Mr. Suresh Bhattari. But after the talk I was more excited to join SGAC and immediately joined the Group.Though I have not been involving myself in SGAC-Nepal activities more, but I happy to join such a great platform for youths of Nepal. I have seen It has been providing many opportunities for its members to make them innovative and creative in their life "

- Ms. Seema Dahal, member, SGAC-Nepal


How to Register
Go to the registration page. Once you receive a username and password, you may login to the SGAC member-only website to access the SGAC network database and projects.


What To Do To Get Immediately Involved Once You Join

Once you login, browse the website and become more familiar with SGAC and its activities. Consider joining a project group or investigate your country page to participate in local events. If you need more ideas or have your own idea for SGAC activity, please contact your National Point of Contact as to how you can get involved.

So, Don't wait, if you to join us then lets do that,we are waiting for your help for the better Nepal!



Mr. Suresh BHATTARAI,

Co-ordinator,

SGAC-Nepal, P.O. Box: 21229, Kathmandu, Nepal

URL:http://spacegeneration.org/index.php/sgac-regions/asia-pacific/nepal

Email:sgacnepal@gmail.com

Friday, May 28, 2010

ASTRONOMY SCHOOL FOR KIDS AT PARASI

May 24-27, Parasi

NASO organized Asronomy School for Kids in collaboration with Filters For Families, a reknown working NGO in Parasi. In the school Prof. of Astrophysics in Colorado University, Suzane Taylor, Vice-President of NASO and Research Student of Astrophysics in Tribhuvan University Mr. Sudeep Neupane, Founder Member of NASO and research Student of Astrophysics Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel introduced different astronomical topics and events. Mr. Madan Dhamala and Mr. T P Adhikari from Central Department of Physcis, Tribhuvan University, were also present to support all the events.

Children's from local community of Parasi eagarly participated all the talks, craft projects and observation programme.

Glimpses of the events






















Source: Nepal Astronomical Society (NASO),2010

Saturday, May 8, 2010

Night Sky in May 2010!

-By Rishi Shah

The night sky of this month displays the elegant beauty of fascinating planets, stars and constellations along with arcane charm of galaxies and nebulae that are spreading all over our universe. As night descends on earth, the zodiacal constellations of Taurus (bull), Gemini (twins), Cancer (crab), Leo (lion), Virgo (maiden) and Libra (scales) are seen unfurling from western to eastern horizon. Constellations Hercules (legendary muscle man) and kite-shaped Bootes (herdsman) with its luminous star Arcturus (Swati) are dominating the evening sky. Dinky Corona Borealis (Northern Crown) is sandwiched between them. Constellations Coma Berenices (Berenice’s Hair), Canes Venatici (hunting dogs) and Leo Minor (small lion) are stretching in western sky. Lyra (harp), Cygnus (swan) and Aquila (eagle) are gliding gracefully in northeastern sky. Their stars Vega (Avijit), Deneb and Altair (Sravana) are sparkling alluringly. The unique Spiral Umbrella Galaxy NGC4651 that is merely thirty five million light-years away is residing in well-groomed Coma Berenices. Its dim intriguing umbrella-resembling structure is extending modestly fifty thousand light-years away further beyond its lurid galactic disk. It allegedly consists of tidal star streams that manifest extensive trails of stars after being gravitationally stripped from unfortunate diminutive satellite galaxy which has been torn apart and eventually absorbed into NGC4651. Apparition of tidal star streams is not uncommon in nearby galaxies in concurrence with the prediction made by galaxy-formation models. Lengthy constellation Hydra (sea serpent) is slithering silently in southwestern sky with puny Corvus (crow), Crater (cup) and Sextans (sextant) straddled on its back. Broad Ophiuchus (serpent bearer) is sprawling in southeastern sky.

Circumpolar constellations Cepheus (king), Cassiopeia (queen), Ursa Major (great bear) and Draco (dragon) are encircling Polaris (Pole Star alias Dhruba Tara) that is dwelling cozily in Ursa Minor (little bear). Faint constellations Camelopardalis (giraffe), Lynx (animal with sharp vision) and Leo Minor are mingling gleefully with these northern constellations. Our galaxy the Milky War runs low along the northeastern and southeastern horizon passing through Cassiopeia, Cygnus, Scutum (shield) and Scorpius (scorpion). Asteroid 4-Vesta is rushing excitedly through Leo. For unlocking the secrets of Vesta’s exceptionally fulgent nature, NASA’s Dawn spacecraft is scheduled to encounter this perplexing rocky entity in August 2011. Eta Aquarid meteor shower peaks on 06 May in eastern sky before dawn. The fantastic flashes of shooting stars which seem to radiate from Aquarius, originate when the petite dusty debris left over by famed Comet 1P/Halley (orbital period of circa seventy five years) slams into earth’s atmosphere and disintegrate dazzlingly. Extraordinary Comets C/2009K5 and C/2009R1 discovered by Australian astronomer Robert McNaught can be marveled as they plough through the cosmic realms occupied by Ursa Minor (skirting Polaris during month’s middle) and the Great Square of winged horse Pegasus (sailing towards chained princess Andromeda in eastern sky before sunup). Comet 81P/Wild tumbles awesomely through Virgo.

Elusive planet Mercury could be glimpsed shortly before morning twilight in eastern sky in Aries (ram). Planet Venus shines mesmerizingly in western sky well after sunset. It is drifting from Taurus to Gemini. Yellow-hued Mars is gleaming in the vicinity of beguiling Beehive Cluster (M44) or Praesepe (meaning cradle or manger in Latin) that resides in Cancer. Praesepe cluster contains over one thousand stars that are gravitationally bound together for a total mass of sheer six hundred suns. This dense star cluster is practically 577 light-years away. Mighty planet Jupiter can be admired in eastern sky before sunrise in Pisces (fishes). Greenish planet Uranus could be discerned in its proximity. Ringed planet Saturn is glinting in Virgo. It is entering eastern sky late at night and floats roughly between giant stars Regulus (Magha) and Spica (Chitra) that are glistening glamorously in Leo and Virgo. Distant planet Neptune is relaxing in eastern Aquarius (water bearer). Far-flung dwarf planet Pluto is loitering lazily in Sagittarius (archer).

Launched in 1990, Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is the largest orbiting public optical telescope in human history. It has now survived twenty years in space and has become one of the most beloved astronomical icons. Built by NASA and European Space Agency (ESA) and weighing moderately thirteen tons this crown jewel of space-based astronomy is hovering fairly five hundred kilometers above in earth’s atmosphere. HST’s cumulative cost has amounted to perhaps ten billion US Dollars. Its optics was repaired successfully in 1993 soon after its operation as the pictures it made were realised to be embarrassingly blurry. (Its main mirror had suffered under spherical aberration due to manufacturing error caused by not correctly polished primary mirror). Named after renowned astronomer Edwin Hubble, HST has been visited by astronauts regularly in five servicing missions undertaken between 1993 and 2009 to replace old, worn out parts and to install efficient state-of-the-art instruments like computers and solar array battery powering aggregate for upgrading its performance. Every time after its rejuvenation HST’s stunning photos boasted of spectacular new views of the universe that bear testimony to the existence of super massive black holes, dark matter and dark energy and of planetary systems beyond our own. It has helped us to peer back to just six hundred thousand years after the birth of our universe that is arguably 13.7 billion years old. HST disclosed confounding composition of our universe, located numerous previously unknown galaxies, identified proto-planetary star systems within several star-forming regions and is still sending superb exceptionally captivating once-in-lifetime images of space objects. NASA in collaboration with ESA and Canadian Space Agency is planning to dispatch infrared space observatory dubbed James Webb Space Telescope that is slated for launch in 2014 and would hopefully work in tandem with HST.

Queer planetary Spirograph Nebula IC418 with its extraordinary textures that mimic multi-faceted celestial diamond was revealed recently by HST. It represents the final stage of evolution of centre star like our Sun that had been red giant star utterly thousand years ago. After ejecting its outer layers substantially into space, it had transformed itself into colourful nebula. The star’s remaining heated core is flooding out ultra-violet radiation into surrounding gas thereby exciting the gaseous glow, which would gradually disperse into space. The star would turn into white dwarf that would then cool down and fade away in billions of years. Our own Sun would expectedly undergo similar fate in barely five billion years from now. Its red colouration indicates gaseous emission of ionized nitrogen (the coolest gas in nebula and is located furthest from energetic nucleus), green points to hydrogen emission and blue traces ionized oxygen (hottest gas and closest to central star). Its name derives from the intricate pattern which imitates drawings created by using Spirograph (baffeling toy that sketches geometric figures specifically, hypotrochoids and epitrochoids) on paper. It lies solely two thousand light-years away in Lepus (hare hopping in southeastern sky). New moon falls on 14 May, while full moon (popularly called flower full moon) occurs on 27 May. Venerated Buddha Jayanti is celebrated respectfully on this day.

GAM2010-NASO Expedition to Far East Nepal!





























Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Happy New Year 2067 B.S. to all of our readers and Well-wishers!

Nepal Astronomical Society(NASO) wishes to all our friends,readers of our blogs and well- wishers a HAPPY NEW YEAR 2067 B.S. We hope this year helps to further strengthen our activities to create astronomical awareness in Nepal. We are very thankful to all our friend and supporters for their continuous supports and inspirations go implement our plans to the society. We seeks such supports and collaborations with different astronomical communities in future to reach more and more people of Nepal to collect their experience when first looked through the telescope and interacted with the people like us :-)

Photo:Star Gazers in Kathmandu pointing to the thundering area on the eve of new year 2067!


Photo: Star Gazers looking at the evening sky through the binaculars on new year's eve on April 14,2010.

Once again, wish you all HAPPY NEW YEAR 2067- NAYAA BARSA 2067 KO HAARDIK MANGALMAYA SUBHAKAAMANA!

Sunday, April 11, 2010

It's a Sun Day: another GAM2010 event in Nepal!

Nepal Astronomical Society(NASo) organized an event to mark Sunday, global program of GAM2010 here in Nepal on Sunday,April 11,2010. The program was organized in H.B. Complex during 14:00-17:00 Hrs for the public to view the Sun through 8 Inch Dobsonian and some solar eclipse glasses. Unfortunately we could not show Sun spot to the participants during the event:-( Did you find Sunspot during the time in your region?


Photo:NASO Executive members ready during the completion of Solar Observation with the telescope. From left: Mr. Rijendra Thapa ( founder member),Mr.Sudeep Neupane (founder vice president),Er. Rishi Shah (founder president),Mr. Suresh Bhattarai ( founder Secretary) and Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel ( founder Member)

Photo: 8 inch Dobsonian from Sky Watcher used for solar observation. This telescope was bought with the help of TWAAN in 2009 for better outreach in Nepal.

Photo: Mr. Rijendra Thapa, Founder member and NPoC of SGAG for Nepal, Mr. Sudeep Neupane, Founder Vice President of NASO and co-ordinator of CALP-NEpal and Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, Founder member of NASO and NC of AWB for Nepal wearing solar eclipse glasses for solar observation.

Photo: Official Poster for SUNDAY issued by Global Astronomy Month (GAM) 2010.

Photo: Poster designed by Azhy Ch. Hasan, president of President of Amateur Astronomers Association of Kurdistan / Iraq.

There were more than 50 participants of different ages with remarkable presence of women and children.


Photo: One of the participant looking at the SUN through Telescope during the event.

Photo: One of the female participant asking about the event and why we celebrate GAM2010 and SUN Day in Nepal to president Er. Rishi Shah. Er. Shah is also an academician of Nepal Academy of Science and Technology(NAST), Nepal.

During the event, Er. Rishi Shah, president of NASO explained to the public why NASO is conducting such outreach events in Nepal. Mr. Riwaj Pokhrel, AWB co-ordinator for Nepal, explained about the GAM2010 while Mr. Sudeep Neupane, Vice President of NASO and Mr. Suresh Bhattarai, Secretary of NASO and Mr. Rijendra Thapa guided the public for safe view of The SUN! So, It's a SUN DAY! Happy SUN DAY to all of you! Hope you too enjoyed the Sunday today:-)